On the off chance that you encounter symptoms of increased thirst, frequent urination, unexplained weight reduction, increased appetite, and feel a tingling sensation in your hands or feet, chances are that you are a diabetic.
The Symptoms and effects of diabetes show up all of a sudden and are frequently the explanation behind checking glucose levels. Since the symptoms of diabetes and prediabetes appear more gradually, the side effects may not be clear to us. However, The American Diabetes Association (ADA) has prescribed some particular screening rules for the accompanying individuals:
Individuals aged 45 and above are encouraged to get a blood sugar screening, and if results are normal, he is to be screened in every 3 years.
Any individual with a body mass index higher than 25, paying little respect to age, pertaining to extra risk components like, hypertension, an inactive way of life, someone who has been diagnosed with PCOS, having delivered an infant who measured more than 9 pounds, a crisp background marked by diabetes in pregnancy, extremely high cholesterol levels, a past filled with coronary illness, and having a relative with diabetes.
This blood test shows your normal glucose level for as long as a few months. It quantifies the rate of glucose connected to haemoglobin and the protein that carries oxygen in red blood cells. The higher the glucose levels, the more haemoglobin one has with sugar attached to it. An A1C level of 6.5 percent or higher on two separate tests shows that you have diabetes. An A1C somewhere around 5.7 and 6.4 percent demonstrates prediabetes. Beneath 5.7 is viewed as normal.
Fasting Blood Sugar Test:
In this test your blood sample will be collected after you have observed an overnight fast. A fasting blood sugar level less than 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) is normal. A fasting blood sugar level from 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L) is considered prediabetes. If it’s 126 mg/dL (7 mmol/L) or higher on two separate tests, you have diabetes.
A Complete Blood Count (CBC):
This is a blood test used to evaluate an individual’s overall health and discover a wide range of disorders, ranging from anemia, to leukemia.
The CBC test measures several components and features of one’s blood, that typically includes Oxygen carrying Red blood cells, White blood cells, Hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen, Hematocrit, the proportion of plasma in an individual’s blood and Platelets, that help with clotting blood.
Any abnormal increases or decreases in these cell counts as revealed in a CBC test may indicate that one might have an underlying medical condition that requires to be diagnosed further.
Post Prandial Glucose Test (PPBS):
This is a blood glucose test that decides the measure of a particular type of sugar, named as glucose. In this test Glucose is measured in the blood particularly after a meal.
Ordinarily, blood glucose levels elevate marginally after eating a meal. This expansion causes the pancreas to discharge insulin, which helps the body in expelling glucose from the blood and storing it for providing vital energy to the body. Individuals with diabetes may not create or react legitimately to insulin, which increases their blood glucose levels. High blood glucose levels can drastically harm the eyes, kidneys, nerves, and veins.
A 2-hour PPBS test measures blood glucose precisely 2 hours in the wake of eating a meal. By this point glucose has generally retreated down in healthy individuals, yet it might in any case be raised in individuals with diabetes. Subsequently, it serves as a trial for whether an individual may have diabetes, or of whether an individual who has diabetes is effectively controlling their blood glucose levels.
Diabetes drastically increases the risk of heart disease in an individual, which makes it inevitable for them to have a blood test to screen their cholesterol levels more frequently; in the off chance their cholesterol levels are high.
Triglycerides are a kind of fat that is typically found in the blood. When there is an increase in the levels of triglycerides, it increases the risk of coronary artery disease, especially in women.
A person’s triglyceride levels are measured with a blood test along with testing cholesterol levels in the blood. Normal triglycerides are below 150. Levels above 200 are high.
Normally a person’s triglyceride level increases due to:
- Being overweight
- Lack of Exercise
- Excessive Smoking
- Genetic disorders
Triglyceride levels may be lowered with a combination lifestyle changes like:
- Losing Weight
- Healthy Diet
- Regular Exercise
Creatinine Blood Test:
A creatinine blood test measures the level of creatinine in the blood. Creatinine is a waste item that structures when creatine separates. Creatine is found in your muscle. Creatinine levels in the blood can provide your specialist with data about how well your kidneys are functioning.
This is a blood test that measures the main electrolytes in the body which includes sodium, potassium, chloride and bicarbonate (CO2)—can be used to evaluate symptoms of heart disease and monitor the effectiveness of treatments for high blood pressure, heart failure and liver and kidney disease.
Insulin Auto Antibodies (IAA):
This tests detects the antibodies targeting insulin, Along with attacking beta cells, the immune system in people with type 1 diabetes also targets insulin..
This test measures how much C-peptide is in the blood of an individual. Since levels of this peptide generally match insulin levels in the body, the test is mostly used to indicate how much insulin an individual’s body is producing. Normally Low levels of C-peptide and insulin usually point to type 1 diabetes.